From The Gentleman’s Magazine, London, August, 1772
On Tuesday, the 9th of June, in the night, a number of people unknown boarded his Majesty’s armed schooner, the Gaspee, as she lay a-ground on a point of land called Nanquet, in Rhode island, who wounded Lieut. William Dudingston, the commander, and, by force, took him, with all his people, put them into boats, and landed them near Pawtuxet, and afterwards set fire to the schooner, and burnt her to ashes. This schooner was stationed as a check to prevent smuggling, which the inhabitants of Rhode island think they have a right to carry on without interruption.
The King’s ships are very vigilant on the American coasts. About the beginning of June, they spied a shallop belonging to Chester, laden with flour and lumber, and maltreated the master, who complained to the civil magistrate against the officer, and he was taken into custody of the sheriff, but rescued by the Captain of the King’s ship, who took the writ from the sheriff, and carried the man off in triumph.
Webmaster addendum for above: This brief article is noteworthy in the speed in which the news from America came to be published in Britain, a mere six weeks was relatively fast for the time.
The snippet of news that follows in the second paragraph may be referring to the case of one Davis Bevan, who was beat up and shackled by Lt. Dudingston and his crew back in 1769 when the Gaspee patrolled the Chesapeake and Delaware River, near Chester, PA. A shallop is a shallow drafted coastal vessel for carrying cargo. We know than Bevans subsequently sued Dudingston, and perhaps the Lieutenant was arrested by the sheriff. Such lawsuits kept the commanders of most of these Royal Navy vessels on their ship, afraid to go ashore themselves out of fear of arrest. See http://gaspee.org/GaspeePriorTo1772.htm and https://issuu.com/dmdeforbes/docs/pva_bridge-spring2015-final-for_web/15 for more details
Magazine, London, July
the Colonies, which gave Government so much offence
some years ago is
renewed. A letter has been read in the Assembly,
a resolution of the Assembly of Virginia, to maintain
with the Sister Colonies; which letter and resolution
approved. A Committee is appointed for that purpose,
to that Committee to inform themselves without delay,
by what authority
a Court of Inquiry was constituted at Rhode Island,
said to be vested
powers to transport persons accused of offences
committed in America,
places beyond the seas to be tried.
Note for above:
This news article is of interest in that it presents a British view of the goings-on in America after the time of the Gaspee Affair, and relates this to the establishment of the permanent Committees of Correspondence. It also gives an accurate assessment of the resentment American colonists felt against British rule. If the London Press could see this, why couldn't the British Government?
Thomas Hutchinson, the Crown-appointed Governor of Massachusetts at the time, was well-known to write in favor of rescinding the Charter of neighboring Rhode Island for having too many liberties. The town of Gorham referred to in the column now exists as Gorham, Maine. Maine split from Massachusetts in 1820 as part of the Missouri Compromise.
Commentary from Stephen A. Goldman Historical Newspapers which listed the August 1772 issue on eBay in April 2018: The Gentleman's Magazine was founded in London, England, by Edward Cave in January 1731. It ran uninterrupted for almost 200 years, until 1922. It was the first to use the term "magazine" (from the Arabic maḫāzin, meaning "storehouse") for a periodical. Samuel Johnson's first regular employment as a writer was with The Gentleman's Magazine.
The original complete title was The Gentleman's Magazine: or, Trader's monthly intelligencer. Cave's innovation was to create a monthly digest of news and commentary on any topic the educated public might be interested in, from commodity prices to Latin poetry. It carried original content from a stable of regular contributors, as well as extensive quotes and extracts from other periodicals and books. Cave, who edited The Gentleman's Magazine under the pen name "Sylvanus Urban", was the first to use the term "magazine" (meaning "storehouse") for a periodical. Contributions to the magazine frequently took the form of letters, addressed to "Mr. Urban". The iconic illustration of St John's Gate on the front of each issue (occasionally updated over the years) depicted Cave's home, in effect, the magazine's "office".
Before the founding of The Gentleman's Magazine, there were specialized journals, but no such wide-ranging publication (although there had been attempts, such as The Gentleman's Journal, which was edited by Peter Motteux and ran from 1692 to 1694).
This news magazine has approximately 60 pages and the page size is 8 1/4" x 5 1/4". The magazines were often issued with several blank back engraved illustrated plates relating to various subjects in that particular issue. The Gentleman's Magazine was in essence the "Time" or "Newsweek" news magazine of the 18th and 19th Centuries. It was also one of the first general-interest magazines, and one of the most influential periodical of its time.
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